Nutrition-Bites-Basics-of-the-Dietary-Guidelines-for-Americans-2015

Nutrition Bites: Basics of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015

Every five years, the Department of Health and Human Services teams up with the United States Department of Agriculture to update the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). Currently, this process is coming to a close and a final report is to be published by the end of 2015. Here are the basics so far:

What is The Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) is a set of guidelines to promote a healthful diet, healthy weight, and prevent chronic diseases in the American population. It is aimed at individuals 2 years and up, and considers those with chronic diseases.

How are the Guidelines used?
The Guidelines are used by various government agencies including Supplemental Nutrition Assistant Program (SNAP); The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infant, and Children (WIC); the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); the Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and various other governmental agencies. The Guidelines provide the basis for federally funded food and nutrition policy and education and are also used by healthcare professionals.

How are the guidelines developed?
The Department of Health and Human Services and the United States Department of Agriculture form a committee of nutrition and health experts. The committee represents different ethnicities, ages, gender, and regions of the country. This committee reviews current scientific and medical evidence to determine recommendations. A report is written and the public is allowed to review and comment on the proposed recommendations. The Guidelines can be reviewed and comments can be made at health.gov until May 8, 2015. After taking into consideration public comment, the Guidelines are developed and submitted for scientific and policy review. Finally, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Document is released.

What are some notable changes can we expect from the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
Currently, the proposed 2015 Guidelines focus more on population health, with specific emphasis on socioecological determinants of health. This focus highlights the importance of the built environment, public policies, and creating a social change for health. There is also an added emphasis on the health effects of added sugar, and a push to decrease soda consumption. Additionally, dietary cholesterol is no longer thought to have a large effect on health.

For more information, visit http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015.asp#overview

By Kelsey Shanklin, MS, RD

(Nutrition Bites is a new feature that will appear regularly in the Tulane PRC’s e-newsletters and will cover nutrition and health tips from Kelsey Shanklin, MS, RD. If you have any suggestions for Nutrition Bites topics, please contact Naomi Englar at nking2@tulane.edu or 504-988-7410.)

(Photo courtesy of health.gov.)

Topics:   policy , diet , food environment , snap , wic , obesity , childhood obesity , community health

Other Related Posts

Tulane-partners-with-The-Food-Trust-in-launching-Center-for-Healthy-Food-Access-

Tulane partners with The Food Trust in launching Center for Healthy Food Access

Food Environment Research

Published: February 21, 2017

Food helps bring people together. But accessing healthy food is a challenge, particularly for people living in underserved neighborhoods. While improvements have been made across the country to bring healthier food to more people in more places, a new coordinated national effort – which includes New Orleans and Tulane University – is seeking to build upon the work of organizations, institutions and businesses by sharing lessons learned, sparking inspiration and testing groundbreaking ideas. Diego Rose,…

Read More

Residents-urged-to-get-Movin-for-LIFE

Residents urged to get Movin' for LIFE

Physical Activity Research Education & Engagement

Published: February 21, 2017

The Tulane University Prevention Research Center (PRC) is encouraging residents of New Orleans to walk more with a new campaign that highlights maps of walking routes throughout the city's Ninth Ward. An outdoor advertising campaign using billboards, bus shelters and street poles was also conducted from January to February 2017 as part of a five-year initiative called Movin' for LIFE (Lasting Improvements for Fitness and Energy). The initiative is led by the PRC with input…

Read More

Louisiana-promotes-toolkit-for-daycare-centers-to-reduce-screen-time-

Louisiana promotes toolkit for daycare centers to reduce screen time

Education & Engagement

Published: February 21, 2017

Children spend an average of seven hours per day using electronic devices including TV, videos, DVDS, computers, tablets, and other handheld devices. Too much screen time can lead to reduced physical activity, thus increasing a child's risk for being overweight or obese. In 2015, Tulane Prevention Research Center faculty co-investigator, Jeanette Gustat, PhD, MPH, partnered with Louisiana Department of Health and the Louisiana Department of Education to begin looking at strategies to reduce screen time…

Read More

Message-from-the-Director

Message from the Director

Education & Engagement

Published: February 21, 2017

I gave up on magazine subscriptions a long time ago. I just never could find the time to keep up with the reading. So, I was pleasantly surprised recently when I received three magazines in the mail in one day. Pleasantly because they were free, and surprised because all three were about health, more or less. I thought I would scan quickly through them and into the recycling bin they would go. But I found…

Read More

Community-Partner-Updates

Community Partner Updates

Education & Engagement

Published: February 20, 2017

See what our Community Advisory Board (CAB) members and partners have been up to! Click on the photo for a gallery of pictures, view a video and read updates. To find out more about our partners, click here to visit our Community Partners page. PHOTOS 1-4: FitLot built its first outdoor fitness park along the Lafitte Greenway in New Orleans in late January, thanks to volunteers – including Saints NFL punter Thomas Morstead – working…

Read More

Legislative-Updates

Legislative Updates

Special Interest Projects (SIPs)

Published: February 17, 2017

New members join Louisiana Obesity Commission At its January 2017 meeting, the Louisiana Obesity Prevention and Management Commission voted in two new members: Partnership for a Healthier Southwest Louisiana Southwest Louisiana and the Louisiana State University AgCenter. They will hold two seats designated for community-based groups. The January meeting also resulted in the co-chair nomination of Denise Holston of the LSU AgCenter to join current co-chair Melissa Martin of the Louisiana Department of Health's Bureau…

Read More

Staff-Spotlight

Staff Spotlight

Education & Engagement

Published: February 17, 2017

Dr. Jylana L. Sheats, PhD, MPH is a behavioral scientist and educator with a passion for working with racial/ethnic and vulnerable populations to reduce health disparities and promote health equity. Within the broader fields of nutrition and physical activity, her research is focused on: 1) examining psychosocial, social, environmental, and policy-related determinants of obesogenic behaviors and chronic diseases; 2) developing and testing technologies to deliver obesity and chronic disease-related behavior change interventions; and 3) utilizing…

Read More

CDC-staff-visit-Tulane-PRC

CDC staff visit Tulane PRC

Education & Engagement

Published: February 16, 2017

For a little over three days in late January, the Tulane Prevention Research Center (PRC) hosted three staff from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The out-of-town guests who visited New Orleans all work for the CDC’s Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research Centers Program, the network that funds all 26 PRCs around the country. The site visit included meetings with the Tulane PRC staff, community partners, government health officials, and Tulane University administration…

Read More

Nutrition-Bites-Tips-on-how-to-eat-healthier-and-save-time

Nutrition Bites: Tips on how to eat healthier and save time

Education & Engagement

Published: February 16, 2017

In a perfect world, all your responsibilities – personal and professional – can be completed with time to spare. In reality, responsibilities need to be prioritized, and what often falls by the wayside is personal health. While there may be nothing wrong with eating the occasional junk food to indulge a sweet tooth, this indulgence can often begin a junk food cycle, in which any individual with a busy schedule can become a victim. So…

Read More

Active-Steps-Staying-active-during-Mardi-Gras-season

Active Steps: Staying active during Mardi Gras season

Education & Engagement

Published: February 16, 2017

You've made your New Year's resolution to exercise more often. You've made it through January and you've settled into your new exercise routine – congratulations! As those pounds slowly come off and your energy gradually increases, you're feeling really good. But then it's February, and King Cake and Mardi Gras season are fully upon us. How can you balance having fun with staying active? While it's important to maintain a regular workout routine, sometimes the…

Read More

canary